澜沧江-湄公河合作首次领导人会议三亚宣言(全文)
Full text: Sanya Declaration of the 1st Lancang-Mekong Cooperation (LMC) Leaders' Meeting

 
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3月23日上午,国务院总理李克强在海南三亚国际会议中心主持澜沧江——湄公河合作首次领导人会议。 [新华社]

3月23日上午,国务院总理李克强在海南三亚国际会议中心主持澜沧江——湄公河合作首次领导人会议。 [新华社]
Chinese Premier Li Keqiang presides over the First Lancang-Mekong Cooperation Leaders' Meeting in Sanya, south China's Hainan Province, March 23, 2016. [Xinhua]

澜沧江-湄公河合作首次领导人会议三亚宣言
——打造面向和平与繁荣的澜湄国家命运共同体

Sanya Declaration of the First Lancang-Mekong Cooperation (LMC) Leaders' Meeting
For a Community of Shared Future of Peace and Prosperity among Lancang-Mekong Countries

我们,柬埔寨王国、中华人民共和国、老挝人民民主共和国、缅甸联邦共和国、泰王国、越南社会主义共和国的国家元首或政府首脑,于2016年3月23日在中国海南省三亚市举行澜沧江-湄公河合作(简称澜湄合作)首次领导人会议。 We, the Heads of State/Government of the Kingdom of Cambodia, the People's Republic of China, Lao People's Democratic Republic, the Republic of the Union of Myanmar, the Kingdom of Thailand, and the Socialist Republic of Viet Nam, on the occasion of the First Lancang Mekong Cooperation (LMC) Leaders' Meeting in Sanya, China on 23 March 2016;
我们一致认为,六国山水相连,人文相通,传统睦邻友好深厚,安全与发展利益紧密攸关。 Recognizing that our six countries are linked by mountains and rivers, share cultural similarities and enjoy good neighborliness and strong friendship, and that our security and development interests are closely inter-connected;
我们高兴地注意到,六国已在双边层面建立全面战略合作伙伴关系,政治互信不断加深,各领域合作健康发展,同时在地区和国际机制中加强多边协调以促进地区乃至世界和平、稳定与发展。 Noting with pleasure that our six countries enjoy deepening political trust and sound cooperation through establishment of bilateral comprehensive strategic partnerships, and multilateral coordination in regional and international frameworks in boosting peace, stability and development of the region and the world at large;
我们认识到,六国同属澜沧江-湄公河流域,面临发展经济、改善民生的共同任务,同时,各国也面临全球及地区经济下行压力加大,以及恐怖主义、自然灾害、气候变化、环境问题、传染病等非传统安全威胁带来的共同挑战。 Acknowledging that our six countries, all located in the Lancang-Mekong area, face common tasks of developing the economy and improving people's living standards while, at the same time, face common challenges such as the increasing downward trend of the global and regional economy and non-traditional security threats such as terrorism, natural disasters, climate change, environmental problems, and pandemics;
我们忆及,中华人民共和国国务院总理李克强在第17次中国-东盟领导人会议上呼应泰国提出的澜沧江-湄公河次区域可持续发展倡议,提议建立澜沧江-湄公河合作机制。 Recalling that, H.E. Li Keqiang, Premier of the State Council of the People's Republic of China, proposed the establishment of the Lancang-Mekong Cooperation Framework at the 17th China-ASEAN Summit, echoing Thailand's initiative on sustainable development of the Lancang-Mekong Sub-region;
我们确认六国关于澜沧江-湄公河合作的共同愿景,即其有利于促进澜湄沿岸各国经济社会发展,增进各国人民福祉,缩小本区域国家发展差距,支持东盟共同体建设,并推动落实联合国2030年可持续发展议程,促进南南合作。 Affirming the shared vision of the six member countries that the LMC would contribute to the economic and social development of sub-regional countries, enhance well-being of our people, narrow the development gap among regional countries and support ASEAN Community building as well as promoting the implementation of the UN 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and advancing South-South cooperation;
我们欢迎澜湄合作首次外长会于2015年11月12日在中国云南景洪成功举行,会议发表了《关于澜湄合作框架的概念文件》和《联合新闻公报》。 Welcoming the successful convening of the First LMC Foreign Ministers' Meeting on 12 November 2015 in Jinghong, Yunnan Province, China, which issued the Concept Paper on the Framework of the Lancang-Mekong Cooperation and the Joint Press Communique of the First Lancang-Mekong Cooperation Foreign Ministers' Meeting;
我们重申对澜沧江-湄公河次区域和平、稳定、可持续发展和繁荣的承诺,决心加强相互信任与理解,合力应对地区面临的经济、社会和环境挑战,以释放本地区巨大的发展潜力。 Reaffirming our commitment to peace, stability, sustainable development and prosperity of the sub-region and our resolve to strengthen mutual trust and understanding and join forces in addressing economic, social and environmental challenges faced by the sub-region to realize its enormous potentials for development;
我们强调澜湄合作应秉持开放包容精神,与东盟共同体建设优先领域和中国-东盟合作全面对接,与现有次区域机制相互补充、协调发展。 Stressing that LMC shall follow the spirit of openness and inclusiveness, tally with the priority areas of ASEAN Community building and ASEAN-China cooperation, and complement and develop in synergy with existing sub-regional cooperation mechanisms;
我们进一步强调澜湄合作将建立在协商一致、平等相待、相互协商和协调、自愿参与、共建、共享的基础上,尊重《联合国宪章》和国际法。 Further Stressing that LMC will be based on the principles of consensus, equality, mutual consultation and coordination, voluntarism, common contribution and shared benefits, and respect for the United Nations Charter and international laws;
我们一致认为澜湄合作将在“领导人引领、全方位覆盖、各部门参与”的架构下,按照政府引导、多方参与、项目为本的模式运作,旨在建设面向和平与繁荣的澜湄国家命运共同体,树立为以合作共赢为特征的新型国际关系典范。 Sharing the view that LMC will be conducted within a framework featuring leaders' guidance, all-round cooperation and broad participation, and follow a government-guided, multiple-participation, and project-oriented model and that the LMC is aimed at building a community of shared future of peace and prosperity and establishing the LMC as an example of a new type of international relations, featuring win-win cooperation;
同意澜湄务实合作包括三大合作支柱,即(1)政治安全,(2)经济和可持续发展,(3)社会人文。 Agreeing that LMC practical cooperation will be carried out through the three cooperation pillars, namely (1) political and security issues, (2) economic and sustainable development, and (3) social, cultural and people-to-people exchanges;
认可作为澜湄合作首次外长会成果的澜湄合作初期五个优先领域,即互联互通、产能、跨境经济、水资源和农业减贫合作。 Endorsing the view that practical cooperation will start with five key priority areas during the initial stage of the LMC, namely connectivity, production capacity, cross-border economic cooperation, water resources, agriculture and poverty reduction, as agreed upon at the First LMC Foreign Ministers' Meeting;
一致同意采取以下措施: Hereby agree to take the following measures:
1、推动高层往来和对话合作,增进次区域互信理解,以加强可持续安全。 1. Promote high-level exchanges, dialogue and cooperation to enhance trust and understanding in the sub-region with a view to strengthening sustainable security;
2、鼓励各国议会、政府官员、防务和执法人员、政党和民间团体加强交流合作,增进互信与了解。支持举办澜湄合作政策对话和官员交流互访等活动。 2. Encourage parliaments, government officials, defense and law enforcement personnel, political parties and civil societies to enhance exchanges and cooperation and increase mutual trust and understanding. Support activities such as LMC policy dialogue and officials' exchange programs;
3、根据各成员规定和程序,通过信息交换、能力建设和联合行动协调等加强执法安全合作,支持建立执法合作机构,推进有关合作。 3. Deepen law enforcement and security cooperation through information exchange, capacity building and coordination of joint operations, in accordance with rules, regulations and procedures of each member country; support the establishment of a law enforcement cooperation institution to facilitate such cooperation;
4、加强应对恐怖主义、跨国犯罪、自然灾害等非传统安全威胁的合作,共同应对气候变化,开展人道主义援助,确保粮食、水和能源安全。 4. Enhance cooperation against non-traditional security threats, including terrorism, transnational crimes, and natural disasters; promote cooperation in addressing climate change impacts, humanitarian assistance, ensuring food, water and energy security;
5、推动中国-东盟战略伙伴关系发展,加强在东盟与中日韩、东亚峰会、东盟地区论坛等区域合作机制中的合作。 5. Advance the China-ASEAN strategic partnership, and strengthen cooperation under the framework of ASEAN+3, East Asia Summit, ASEAN Regional Forum and other regional cooperation mechanisms;
6、鼓励中国的“一带一路”倡议与澜湄合作活动和项目及包括《东盟互联互通总体规划》在内的湄公河国家相关发展规划之间的对接。 6. Encourage synergy between China's Belt and Road initiative and LMC activities and projects, as well as relevant development programs of the Mekong countries, including the Master Plan on ASEAN Connectivity (MPAC);
7、加强澜湄国家软硬件联通,改善澜湄流域线、公路线和铁路线网络,推进重点基础设施项目,在澜湄地区打造公路、铁路、水路、港口、航空互联互通综合网络。加快电力网络、电信和互联网建设。落实贸易便利化措施,提升贸易投资,促进商务旅行便利化。 7. Step up both hardware and software connectivity among the LMC countries. Improve the Lancang-Mekong rivers, roads and railways network, push forward key infrastructure projects to build a comprehensive connectivity network of highway, railway, waterway, ports and air linkages in the Lancang-Mekong region; expedite the construction of network of power grids, telecommunication and the Internet; implement trade facilitation measures, promote trade and investment and facilitate business travel;
8、如本次会议通过的《澜沧江-湄公河国家产能合作联合声明》所述,拓展工程、建材、支撑产业、机械设备、电力、可再生能源等领域产能合作,构建次区域综合产业链,共同应对成员国面临的经济挑战。 8. Expand production capacity cooperation in areas such as engineering, production of the building materials, supporting industries, machinery and equipment, power, renewable energy to build a sub-regional comprehensive industrial link in a joint endeavor to tackle challenges faced by members' economies, as reflected in the Joint Statement on Production Capacity Cooperation among Lancang-Mekong Countries adopted at this Meeting;
9、支持加强经济技术合作,建设边境地区经济合作区、产业区和科技园区。 9. Support enhanced economic and technological cooperation and the development of economic zones in border areas, industrial zones and sci-tech parks;
10、通过各种活动加强澜湄国家水资源可持续管理及利用方面合作,如在中国建立澜湄流域水资源合作中心,作为澜湄国家加强技术交流、能力建设、旱涝灾害管理、信息交流、联合研究等综合合作的平台。 10. Enhance cooperation among LMC countries in sustainable water resources management and utilization through activities such as the establishment of a center in China for Lancang-Mekong water resources cooperation to serve as a platform for LMC countries to strengthen comprehensive cooperation in technical exchanges, capacity building, drought and flood management, data and information sharing, conducting joint research and analysis related to Lancang-Mekong river resources;
11、开展农业技术交流与农业能力建设合作,在湄公河国家合作建立更多的农业技术促进中心,建设优质高产农作物推广站(基地),加强渔业、畜牧业和粮食安全合作,提高农业发展水平。 11. Carry out technical exchanges and capacity building cooperation in agriculture, establish more agricultural technology centers and high-quality, high-yield demonstration stations (bases) in Mekong countries, strengthen cooperation in fishery and animal husbandry, and food security and elevate the level of agricultural development;
12、落实“东亚减贫合作倡议”,在湄公河国家建立减贫合作示范点,交流减贫经验,实施相关项目。 12. Implement the "Cooperation Initiative on Poverty Reduction in East Asia", establish poverty reduction model bases in the Mekong countries, enhance experience sharing and implement relevant projects;
13、强调稳定的金融市场和健全的金融架构对实体经济发展的重要性,支持各国努力加强金融监管能力建设和协调。继续研究并分享经验,以推进双边本币互换和本币结算,深化金融机构合作。 13. Emphasize the importance of a stable financial market and sound financial structure to the development of real economy; support efforts to enhance capacity for and coordination on financial supervision and regulations; continue studies and exchange experiences in order to facilitate the use of bilateral currency swap, local currency settlement and cooperation among financial institutions;
14、作为亚洲基础设施投资银行成员国,支持亚投行高效运营,为弥补基础设施建设领域的融资缺口,向亚投行寻求支持。 14. Support efficient operation of AIIB as members of AIIB and seek support from AIIB in addressing the financing gap in infrastructure development;
15、鼓励可持续与绿色发展,加强环保和自然资源管理,可持续和有效地开发和利用清洁能源,建设区域电力市场,加强清洁能源技术交流与转让。 15. Encourage sustainable and green development, enhance environmental protection and natural resources management; develop and utilize sustainably and efficiently clean energy sources, develop regional power market, and enhance exchange and transfer of clean energy technologies;
16、共同推动《区域全面经济伙伴关系协定》谈判,期待谈判于2016年如期完成,促进东亚贸易和投资便利化。 16. Work together to push forward the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP) negotiations and look forward to the conclusion of the negotiations in 2016, and promote trade and investment facilitation in East Asia;
17、加强成员国之间文化交流,支持文化机构和艺术家间的交流合作,探讨建立澜湄人文交流平台的可能性。推动政府建立的文化中心充分发挥作用,开展形式多样的文化交流。 17. Strengthen cultural exchanges among member countries, support exchanges and cooperation among cultural organizations and artists, explore the possibility of building a Lancang-Mekong cultural exchange platform, give full play to the role of cultural centers set up by governments and carry out various forms of cultural exchanges;
18、提升科技合作和经验分享,深化人力资源开发、教育政策、职业培训合作和教育主管部门及大学间交流。 18. Advance cooperation and experience sharing in science and technology; deepen cooperation in human resource development, educational policy and professional training, exchanges among educational authorities, universities and colleges;
19、加强公共卫生合作,特别是在传染病疫情监测、联防联控、技术设备、人员培训等领域加强合作,推动建立澜湄热带病监测预警平台,推动传统医药合作。 19. Expand cooperation in public health, particularly the areas of epidemic monitoring, joint prevention and control, technology and equipment, and personnel training, work for the establishment of a Lancang-Mekong tropical disease monitoring and early warning platform. Promote cooperation in traditional medicine;
20、增进旅游交流与合作,改善旅游环境,提升区域旅游便利化水平,建立澜湄旅游城市合作联盟。 20. Increase tourism exchanges and cooperation, improve tourism environment, enhance regional tourism facilitation, and strive to establish a Lancang-Mekong tourist cities cooperation alliance;
21、鼓励媒体、智库、妇女、青年等交流,打造六国智库联盟和媒体论坛,继续举办澜沧江-湄公河青年友好交流项目。 21. Encourage exchanges among the mass media, think tanks, women and youth, build a think tank network and media forum of the six countries, and continue to carry out Lancang-Mekong youth exchange events;
22、每两年举行一次澜湄合作领导人会议,并根据需要举行领导人特别会议或非正式会议,旨在为澜湄合作长远发展进行战略规划。外长会每年举行一次,负责合作政策规划和协调。根据需要举行外交高官会和工作组会,商讨具体领域合作。未来视合作需要不断完善澜湄合作机制建设。 22. Hold LMC Leaders' Meeting once every two years, and ad hoc or informal leaders meetings as needed, to map out strategic planning for long-term LMC development; hold LMC Foreign Ministers' Meeting once a year to conduct policy planning and coordination for cooperation; hold senior diplomatic officials' meetings and working group meetings as necessary to discuss cooperation in specific fields; improve LMC institutional building in accordance with future cooperation needs;
23、欢迎中方设立澜湄合作专项基金、优惠性质贷款和专项贷款,用于推进澜湄合作。欢迎中方承诺未来3年向湄公河国家提供1.8万人年奖学金和5000个来华培训名额,用于支持澜湄国家间加强合作。 23. Welcome China's commitment to establish a LMC Fund, provide concessional loans and special loans, and provide 18,000 person-year scholarships and 5,000 training opportunities to candidates from Mekong countries in the next 3 years to support closer cooperation among Lancang-Mekong countries;
24、认可“早期收获项目联合清单”,期待有关项目尽早实施,惠及所有成员国。各国领域部门应组建联合工作组,规划落实具体项目。 24. Endorse the joint list of "early harvest" projects, and look forward to their early implementation for the benefits of all member countries. Joint working groups shall be established by the line agencies of member countries to develop and implement LMC projects;
25、加强各领域人才培训合作,提升澜湄国家能力建设,为澜湄合作的长远发展提供智力支撑。 25. Strengthen cooperation in personnel training in various fields to improve capacity building of the Lancang-Mekong countries, and provide intellectual support to the long-term development of LMC;
26、鼓励六国政府部门、地方省区、商业协会、民间组织等加强交流,商讨和开展相关合作。 26. Encourage closer exchanges among government agencies, local provinces and districts, business associations and non-governmental organizations of our six countries to discuss and carry out relevant cooperation.

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