In the Song Dynasty (960-1279) there was a joker called Sun Shan. One year he went to take the imperial examination and came last on the list of successful candidates.
Back in his hometown, one of his neighbors asked him whether the neighbor's son had also passed. Sun Shan said with a smile: "Sun Shan was the last on the list. Your son came after Sun Shan."
Later, people used this idiom to indicate failing in an examination or competition.
míng luò sūn shā
后来人们用“名落孙山”来比喻考试没有考上或者选拔没有被录取。àn rán shī sè
àn bù jiù bān
Follow the prescribed order; keep to the conventional way of doing things
Be overshadowed; be eclipsed; pale into insignificance
biàn běn jiā lì
Worsen; intensify; become aggravated
bié chū xīn cái
Start something unique or original; deliberately adopt a different approach; try to be different
cāng hăi sāng tián
Seas changes into mulberry fields time brings great changes to the world
chū qí zhì shèng
Win by making a surprise move
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