||Explanatory Notes for the "Decision of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China on Some Major Issues Concerning Comprehensively Deepening the Reform"
||On behalf of the Political Bureau of the Party Central Committee, I will now explain to the Plenum several issues pertaining to the "Decision of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China on Some Major Issues Concerning Comprehensively Deepening the Reform."
||I. The Drafting Process of the Decision
||Since the reform and opening-up initiative was introduced in 1978, the third plenary sessions of past CPC central committees have provided the public with important information for judging the governance policy and focuses of the new generations of Party leadership. The discussion topics, decisions made, measures to take, and signals released bore great significance for the Party's work in the five to 10 years following the plenums.
||After the Party's 18th National Congress, the Central Committee set out to determine the topics for discussion at the third plenary session of the 18th CPC Central Committee. The Party's 18th National Congress set the goal of completing the building of a moderately prosperous society in all respects, and emphasized that the Party must, with greater political courage and wisdom, and lose no time in deepening reform in key sectors and resolutely discard all notions and systems that hinder efforts to pursue development in a scientific way. It also pointed out that the Party should set up a well-developed, scientific, standardized and effective framework of systems and ensure that operating institutions in all sectors are fully functioning. To achieve the strategic goals and carry out the plans set at the 18th National Party Congress, we must lose no time promoting reform comprehensively.
||Thirty-five years have passed since the Party made the historic decision of shifting the focus of the Party and state to economic development and initiating the reform and opening-up drive at the Third Plenary Session of the 11th CPC Central Committee. The propelling force behind the improvement of the Chinese people's life, the advancement of our socialist country, the progress of our Party, and the fact that China has gained important international status is no other than our perseverance to carry forward the reform and opening-up drive.
||During his inspection tour of the southern provinces in 1992, Comrade Deng Xiaoping said, "If we do not adhere to socialism, do not implement the policies of reform and opening up to the outside world, do not develop the economy and raise the people's living standards, we will find ourselves in a blind alley." Today, in retrospect, we have a better understanding of his remarks. This is why, as we are well aware, only socialism can save China, and only reform and opening up can develop China, socialism and Marxism.
||From the historical lessons we have learned and the needs of the current times, the Party Central Committee has been repeatedly stressing since its 18th National Congress that reform and opening up plays the decisive role in determining the destiny of contemporary China. Reform is also the key to realizing the "two century goals" and the great revival of the Chinese nation. There are no bounds to practice and development, to emancipating the people's minds, or to the reform and opening-up effort. We will reach an impasse if we stall and go into reverse on our path, and reform and opening up only transpires in the progressive sense – there is no end to it. Facing the new situation and new tasks, we must deepen reform comprehensively to strive for solutions to the major problems challenging China's development, and work tirelessly to promote the improvement and progress of socialism with Chinese characteristics.
||As extensive and profound changes are taking place domestically and internationally, China's development faces a series of prominent dilemmas and challenges, and there are quite some problems and difficulties on its path of development: Unbalanced, uncoordinated and unsustainable development remains a big problem. It is weak in scientific and technological innovation. The industrial structure is unbalanced and the growth mode remains extensive. The development gap between urban and rural areas and between regions is still large, and so are income disparities. Social problems are on the rise markedly. There are many problems affecting the people's immediate interests in education, employment, social security, health care, housing, the ecological environment, food and drug safety, workplace safety, public security, law enforcement, administration of justice, etc. Some people still lead hard lives. Going through formalities and bureaucratism as well as hedonism and extravagance are serious problems. Some sectors are prone to corruption and other types of misconduct, and the fight against corruption remains a serious challenge for us. To solve these problems, the key lies in deepening reform.